Birthmarks, varicose veins, spider veins or capillaries and ruby spots are the most common vascular lesions that fundamentally affect women. Experts remind us that although they improve in winter, our behaviour during this season can condition their formation and recommend us to avoid saunas, heating at high temperatures and sedentary lifestyles.
Varicose veins are the most common manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Other common vascular lesions include birthmarks, spider veins or capillaries, and ruby spots. Varicose veins are dilations and lengthening of the veins, which can appear in any area of the body, but are especially frequent in the legs. Although vascular lesions improve considerably during the cold months, the problem can be accentuated if we do not observe a series of rules, such as avoiding prolonged exposure to heat sources, intense localised heat, the use of saunas and exercise. Although it is true that these lesions "affect both men, around 40%, and women, 60%, women are more concerned about eliminating this type of vascular lesion, whether it is due to aesthetic causes or clinical symptoms," says Natalia Ribé, MD, of the Institut Dr. Natalia Ribé.
The most common areas where they are located are: in the face, around the nose and cheekbones, and in the body can be spread over the trunk, either abdomen, back and lower extremities specifically legs and ankles. As for its origin, there is a hereditary component associated with vascular lesions, in addition to age, which increases capillary fragility, as well as different stages such as pregnancy. Also, lack of exercise, being tall, overweight, constipation, sedentary life, unhealthy eating, or a profession that requires a lot of standing or sitting time are predisposed to suffer from them.
The explanation: in DVI
Chronic venous insufficiency is the inability of the veins to properly return blood to the heart. Leg veins, aided by the impulse of the muscles, carry blood to the heart. The walls of the veins have tiny valves that open and close, and help control blood pressure and flow and keep it from descending, attracted by the force of gravity, so they make it easier for the heart to return venous.
If the leg veins lose elasticity, they become deformed and cause these valves to fail to close properly, so that blood does not rise and accumulate in the lower extremities, producing a venous stasis, a problem called chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).
It is a chronic but benign and controllable disease, which is more common in women than in men. While this disorder does not pose a serious threat to health, it can be disabling and affect the quality of personal and work life of the sick. It can also be the source of health problems such as venous thrombosis and thromboembolism.
Venous insufficiency occurs with swelling in the legs or ankles, a feeling of heaviness and tension in the calves, pain that worsens when standing up and improves when lifting the legs, heaviness or muscle cramps, itching and tingling and varicose veins or varicose veins. People with chronic venous insufficiency may also have redness of the legs and ankles, changes in skin color around the ankles, superficial varicose veins, and thickening and hardening of the skin in the legs and ankles (lipodermatosclerosis), as well as leg and ankle ulcers.
When the leg vein structure weakens, venous return becomes difficult and blood stagnates in the veins. If this situation persists over time, the veins increase in size and dilate, appearing the known varicose veins. In many cases, varicose veins do not show any previous signs or pain, and are only an aesthetic problem. But if pain is felt, it may be indicative of the progression of chronic venous insufficiency and, at the same time, can be diagnosed without varicose veins.
Decalogue to avoid DVI
By the Association Cuida tus Venas, Clínica Universidad de Navarra and the Medical Department of Laboratorios Cinfa. 1. Avoid standing, sitting or sitting for long periods of time: if you cannot avoid it, it is advisable to move your feet and legs frequently, turning your ankles. You should also get out of the seat often and walk a few steps. It is also important to protect the legs from bumps and scratches. 2. Raise your legs: if you work sitting in front of the chair or